The Blue Diamond - October 2023
CONTENTS AT A GLANCE:
- ACM’s Commitment to Open Access
- Implications for Authors of ACM’s OA Transition
- ACM Open Access Timeline
- New ACM Open Participants
- ACM International Conference Proceedings Series (ICPS) Prepares for Transition to Full Open Access in 2024
- ACM AI Taskforce
- Evolving Challenges in Research Integrity
- ACM Policies on Authorship and Peer Review
- ACM Journal Impact Factors Latest Release
- Proceedings of the ACM Titles Receive First Impact Factors
- TELO Accepted for Scopus Coverage
- ACM to Cease Print Editions for ACM Journals and Transactions
- ACM Publications Welcome New Editors-in-Chief
- ACM Publications Seeking New Editors-in-Chief
- New ACM Journals Open for Submissions
- ACM Journals Inaugural Issues
- New Titles from ACM Books
ACM’s Director of Publications with any questions you may have.
In addition to Open Access developments, this issue reports on recent changes to ACM’s Policies on Authorship & Peer Review, including guidance for authors and reviewers considering using LLMs as part of their authoring and peer review process, an update on ACM’s Research Integrity initiatives, sunsetting “print” for all ACM journals (excluding magazines), a report on the new Clarivate Impact Factors for ACM journals (including new Impact Factors for four Proceedings of the ACM titles), the launch of several new ACM journals (including ACM Games: Research and Practice ,Collective Intelligence, and ACM Transactions on Probabilistic Machinery Learning ), an update on the AI Publication Taskforce, and other announcements.
Thank you in advance for reading this issue and please don’t hesitate to reach out with any questions you may have related to anything covered in this issue or more general questions related to ACM’s Publications program.
In June 2020, the ACM Council voted to sustainably transition ACM to a fully Open Access (OA) model within five years. The challenge was to ensure that the transition to OA is done in a financially responsible and sustainable way. ACM’s Plan relies heavily on the ACM Open model.
The ACM Open Model
The ACM Open model seeks to transition ACM from its reliance on “read-only” subscriptions or licenses sold exclusively to libraries and library consortia underwritten primarily by library budgets to selling “Open Access Read + Publish” licenses to universities, corporations, and government institutions underwritten by a combination of library budgets, open access funds, university administration budgets, and departmental budgets. When a corresponding author, of which there can only be one per article, is affiliated with an institution that has signed on to the ACM Open model, that article is published on an Open Access basis in the ACM Digital Library without any “author fees” such as an Article Processing Charge (APC) needing to be paid by the corresponding author. The annual fee the institution is asked to pay depends on the number of articles affiliated with that institution.
Articles published in the ACM DL on an open access basis are downloaded two to three times more than those published behind the DL paywall. The average number of citations for an ACM Open Access article is 25 compared to 15 average citations for articles published behind the paywall—a differential we expect to increase. ACM is the only major computer science publisher in the world to commit to transitioning to a completely Open Access model for all of its publications by a specific date. Both Springer and IEEE have been opportunistic about transitioning their publications, but neither has fully committed. Once ACM completes this transition, all ACM authors will see the benefits.
During the June 2023 Council meeting it was reported that approximately 28% of research articles published by ACM and approximately 30% of ACM’s Digital Library income of approximately $20 million US have already transitioned to ACM Open—with projections that these figures would reach 35-40% by the end of 2023, 50-55% by the end of 2024, and 60-70% by the end of 2025—when ACM is planning to flip to a mandatory Open Access model for all ACM Publications. The goal for ACM is, of course, to publish 100% of ACM’s roughly 26,000 research articles annually on a fully OA basis without the need to require any ACM authors to pay APCs. But realistically, this is a very long-term goal that ACM currently believes will take longer than the end of 2025 to achieve.
At the Council meeting, ACM’s President and the entire Council reiterated their commitment to the December 31, 2025 timeline. Unless something dramatically changes over the next two years, such as progress halting with ACM Open, Open Access government and funder mandates dissipating around the world (especially in the United States, Europe, or the UK), or APCs are simply deemed untenable for computer scientists and authors not affiliated with ACM Open institutions, ACM will become a fully Open Access Publisher on December 31, 2025.
If you are already a corresponding author and your institution has already joined ACM Open, there is little you will need to do when you are accepted into any ACM Journal, ACM Conference, ICPS Conference, ACM Magazine, or ACM Newsletter. Your accepted article will be published on an Open Access basis in the ACM Digital Library. By the end of 2023, over 6,500 research articles will have been published in 2023 on an OA basis in the DL. Next year, we expect that figure to nearly double to over 12,000 articles out of the roughly 26,000+ research articles ACM publishes annually. For those authors not currently affiliated with ACM Open institutions, corresponding authors are given the option to publish their article on an OA basis by paying an Article Processing Charge (APC).
- For journal and magazine research articles, an APC costs $1,800, or $1,300 if one of the co-authors is an ACM or SIG member.
- For ACM Conference articles, an APC costs $1,000, or $700 if one of the co-authors is an ACM or SIG member.
- For ICPS Conference articles, an APC $1,000, or $700 if one of the co-authors is an ACM member.
APC discounts or waivers are also available through agreements with EIFL or Research4Life or based on the corresponding author’s country’s World Bank economic status. To date, participating in ACM Open or requiring ACM authors to pay an APC has never been mandatory. However, that will change for certain parts of the ACM Publications program in the coming months (ICPS authors), while other parts of the program will change over the next few years. ACM is taking a phased approach to the OA transition, with certain ACM Publications flipping to mandatory Open Access earlier than December 31, 2025.
ACM is transitioning to Open Access in phases. The following list includes the steps that have already taken place and those planned for the next few years leading up to the end of 2025:
- April 2022 – ACM opened the 50-year archive of articles in the ACM Digital Library, including all articles published up until the end of 2000. This included approximately 117,500 articles.
- November 2023 – CACM will launch its new website at cacm.acm.org. When the site launches, ACM will be making CACM a Gold Open Access publication. The entire CACM archive will be open in the ACM Digital Library and on the new website. The current CACM website will be phased out before the end of 2023. CACM corresponding authored papers affiliated with ACM Open institutions will be reported to those institutions as part of the ACM Open program and corresponding authors not affiliated with ACM Open institutions will be given the option to pay an APC if they are able to do so. APC payment will remain optional for the near future.
- January 2024 – All ICPS conferences with Calls for Papers issued after January 1, 2024, will be published on a fully Open Access basis, utilizing the author options listed above.
- January 2025 – ACM is considering transitioning parts of its journals program to OA, although no final decision making has taken place. It is expected that existing Gold Open Access journals will transition from optional APCs to mandatory APCs during 2025.
- January 2026 – All ACM Conferences will transition to mandatory Open Access on December 31, 2025, in addition to all other remaining parts of the ACM Publications program that have not yet transitioned by that time. All corresponding authors not affiliated with ACM Open institutions that are not eligible for APC waivers will be required to pay the appropriate APC to publish with ACM. The only exception will be the ACM Books program, which remains available for purchase through ACM and other online books retailers and distributors.
We now have more than 800 institutions participating in the ACM Open program and hope to have more than 1,000 onboard by our next update.
We have recently reached new agreements with Lyrasis, with the Statewide California Electronic Library Consortium (SCELC), and with the Texas A&M University System. We also recently announced a significant expansion of our ACM Open agreement with Jisc in the United Kingdom, and we look forward to new and continued conversations with universities, libraries, and funding bodies the world over.
While this trajectory is certainly encouraging, we need the support of the community to achieve our goal of a fully Open Access Digital Library. What does support for ACM Open look like in practical terms?
- Support may mean reaching out to the university librarian to request that they join ACM Open, so authors will not need to pay Article Processing Charges.
- For some institutions, paying for ACM Open out of existing library collections budgets may require some level of cost sharing with the computer science or engineering departments.
- Communicating with colleagues within your department about the Digital Library transition to Open Access will help raise awareness within the broader scientific community and ensure that authors have no barriers to publishing with ACM.
ACM has responded to the computing community by developing a sustainable, data-driven, and transparent model that will enable ACM to transition to a fully Open Access publisher. We have made great progress towards reaching our goal, but we still have a long way to go.
A complete listing of institutions currently participating in ACM Open can be found here. If you’d like to know more about the ACM Open model and our timeline for transitioning to a completely Open Access Publisher, please get in touch and thank you for the continued support of ACM.
ACM International Conference Proceedings Series (ICPS) Prepares for Transition to Full Open Access in 2024
In a major step on ACM’s journey toward fully Open Access (OA) publication of all content on the ACM Digital Library (DL), we are planning to transition all content published in the ACM International Conference Proceedings Series (ICPS) to OA in 2024. Our rationale for this “OA flip” is as follows:
The computer science community has expressed overwhelming support for open access to research publications.
According to ACM’s publication data, OA articles are downloaded and cited roughly 70% more frequently, on average, than those behind a paywall. This is a significant benefit for individual authors and for computer science research in general.
- The OA transition is an important part of ACM’s response to government mandates requiring open publication of the results of taxpayer-supported research.
- ACM will be the first major computer science publisher transitioning to a fully OA model for all its research publications, and we expect others to follow.
- The new model applies to all conferences where the Call for Papers will be issued for the first time on or after January 1, 2024. Conferences that are already beyond this stage, or for which the CFP will be issued prior to January 1, will follow the current publishing model for ICPS.
In the new OA model, ACM will require corresponding authors either to be affiliated with an institution participating in ACM Open, to be covered by a waiver agreement such as EIFL or Research4Life, to qualify for a waiver or discount based on their country's World Bank economic status, or to pay an article processing charge of between $700 and $1,000 per article. Authors may also request discretionary waivers based on economic need.
Over time, we expect that a significant majority of ICPS authors will be covered by institutional ACM Open agreements, and so will not be required to pay an APC. By the end of 2024, we expect 50%-55% of all papers published in the DL annually to be covered by ACM Open agreements; by the end of 2025, we expect this number to be in the 60%-70% range.
In December 2022, the ACM Publications Board approved the appointment of a volunteer task force to review ACM’s publications strategy in the areas of AI and machine learning (ML). The task force membership is as follows:
- Dame Wendy Hall (Chair), University of Southampton
- Nancy Amato, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
- Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Pompeu Fabra University
- Sanmay Das, George Mason University
- Yolanda Gil, University of Southern California
- Jim Hendler, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Mike Heroux, Sandia National Laboratories
- Sunmin Kim, Applied Intuition Inc.
- Maja Mataric, University of Southern California
- B Ravindran, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
- Alejandro Saucedo, Zalando SE
- Divesh Srivastava, AT&T Labs-Research
- Jie Tang, Tsinghua University
- Michael Wooldridge, University of Oxford
The group convened for the first time on May 1, 2023, and will continue to meet on a monthly basis until October 2023.
The primary concern of the task force is to find ways in which ACM can provide curation and review services to assist the research and practitioner communities in identifying relevant high-quality research amid the rapidly growing literature of AI and ML. Ideas to be taken forward may include innovative models for journal and conference publishing in the AI/ML space, as well as novel approaches to peer review.
The task force will make its formal recommendations to the Publications Board in November 2023.
By Michael Kirkpatrick (Chair) and Shan Lu (Vice Chair), Ethics and Plagiarism Committee
For the past several years, the Publications Board Ethics & Plagiarism (E&P) Committee has experienced an increase in the number and complexity of cases. This increase is partially due to increased awareness, vigilance, and reporting by members of the computing community. Members of ACM’s E&P Committee working closely with ACM Publications staff continue to investigate allegations of fraudulent publication activity, plagiarism, violating the confidentiality of single and double anonymous peer review, and other violations of publication policies. These investigations and the gathered evidence can be helpful for adjudicating E&P cases, supporting ACM’s mission to uphold the integrity of the scientific record.
These community-driven efforts and increased reporting have not only increased the number of cases E&P handles; they have also increased the awareness of more complex and subtle violations of academic integrity, including cases involving multiple parties. One type of complex case is the presence of collusion rings in peer review and publication. These alleged rings can take many forms, such as authors arranging to bid on each other’s papers, reviewers soliciting or receiving reviews written by a paper’s author, or organizations publishing proceedings of conferences that never occurred. They can range in size from a couple of people working closely together to a loosely connected network of dozens with one or two central figures.
These cases are particularly difficult for E&P to pursue, as gathering actionable evidence of a policy violation can be impracticable or impossible. In some cases, the allegations are investigated and there are plausible explanations that the allegedly improper behavior was not malicious. For instance, a loosely affiliated, ad-hoc group may rely on informal processes and cut procedural corners to meet publication deadlines. Such behavior may look suspicious but is ultimately benign. In other cases, there can be clear evidence of policy violations, but there is no clear way to link individuals (some of whom are innocent) to specific actions. In all these complex cases, scale is a significant factor that makes investigating and adjudicating these cases efficiently or at all. ACM is in the process of developing a Conflict-of-Interest Identification System to help identify clear COIs. Once launched, it is ACM’s expectation that undeclared COIs will be more easily identified and acted upon.
As another instance of a type of complex case, the scientific publishing community has long struggled against paper mills—organizations that produce papers of dubious quality for authors in exchange for a fee. These papers frequently include plagiarized material, inappropriate citations, or fraudulent results. While automated tools for plagiarism detection have been helpful in this struggle, newer technologies that incorporate generative AI threaten to make the problem of scale worse. These tools have the potential to make it significantly easier to automate the generation of fraudulent papers at a faster rate and with greater variation.
Countering these trends will not be easy. E&P and members of ACM staff have begun to investigate tools for automated detection of fraudulent results. Other efforts, such as mandating ORCIDs for all ACM publications, complement this work by trying to catch such behavior before it gets published in the scientific record. And finally, the community will continue to play a vital role in identifying and reporting violations they find.
ACM has a new Policy on Authorship, covering a range of key topics, including the use of generative AI tools. Please familiarize yourself with the new policy and the associated list of Frequently Asked Questions. The new policy was developed through a consultative process, including a survey that was widely distributed to ACM authors and members around the globe.
By updating ACM’s Policy on Authorship, it is ACM’s goal to provide additional guidance and clarity for what is acceptable publishing practice when publishing with ACM, especially with respect to the rapid technological changes taking place with the introduction of generative AI tools and technologies.
ACM is also in the process of updating our peer review policy. The updated policy will detail appropriate procedures for sub-review (also sometimes referred to as co-review), so that students can gain training in peer review best practices and have their peer review contributions appropriately recognized. Reviewers who would like to add a sub-reviewer must get permission from the PC chair or journal EIC, and the sub-reviewer must be identified.
We welcome feedback from the community on these proposed updates to our peer review policy. Please contact ACM’s Director of Publications.
The journals of ACM once again had an impressive showing in the latest Journal Citation Reports release from Clarivate, with notable performances across the portfolio and several journals receiving their first impact factors.
Flagship magazine Communications of the ACM (CACM) continued its dominance with an all-time high impact factor of 22.7, placing it first in all three of its categories. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) also continued its ascent with an impact factor of 16.6, placing it third out of 111 titles in the Computer Science, Theory & Methods category. Other standouts include: ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) with an impact factor of 6.2, placing it 11/108 (first quartile) in the Computer Science, Software Engineering category; ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS) at 5.6 and 41/158 (second quartile) in the Computer Science, Information Systems category; IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing (TASLP) at 5.4 and 3/31 (first quartile) in the Acoustics category and 61/275 (first quartile) in Engineering, Electrical & Electronic; ACM Transactions on Internet Technology (TOIT) at 5.3 and 14/108 (first quartile) in the Computer Science, Software Engineering category; ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMM) at 5.1 and in the first quartile in the Computer Science, Software Engineering and Computer Science, Theory & Methods categories; ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST) with an impact factor of 5.0; IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (TCBB) at 4.5 and in the first quartile of all four of its categories; ACM Transactions on Software Engineering and Methodology (TOSEM) at 4.4, placing it at 23/108 (first quartile) in the Computer Science, Software Engineering category; and ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software (TOMS) at 2.7, placing it in the first quartile (37/267) in the Mathematics, Applied category.
The following titles received their first impact factors: Journal of Data and Information Quality (JDIQ), ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing(TACCESS), ACM Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems (TCPS), ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation (TEAC), ACM Transactions on Human-Robot Interaction (THRI), ACM Transactions on Internet of Things (TIOT ), ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS), ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT), ACM Transactions on Modeling and Performance Evaluation of Computing Systems (TOMPECS), ACM Transactions on Parallel Computing (TOPC), and ACM Transactions on Spatial Algorithms and Systems (TSAS). Of this group, outstanding performers include THRI with an impact factor of 5.1 and IMWUT at 4.0.
Four titles from the innovative Proceedings of the ACM (PACM) program received their first impact factors this summer as part of the latest Journal Citation Reports release from Clarivate. The PACM titles receiving their first impact factors are: Proceedings of the ACM on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (PACMCGIT) with an impact factor of 1.3; Proceedings of the ACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (IMWUT) at 4.0; Proceedings of the ACM on Programming Languages (PACMPL) at 1.8; and Proceedings of the ACM on Measurement and Analysis of Computing Systems (POMACS) at 1.7.
This marks a turning point in maturity for the landmark PACM program launched in 2017, which marries the best of the conference and journal publishing approaches.
ACM Transactions on Evolutionary Learning and Optimization (TELO) has been accepted for Scopus coverage. Similar to Web of Science, Scopus is an extensive yet selective abstract and citation database that provides comprehensive coverage of peer-reviewed journals, books, conference abstracts, and patents across the natural sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities. By having its content included in Scopus, TELO’s content will be discoverable at 7,000 of the world’s top research institutions.
ACM has made the decision to cease print publication for ACM’s journals and transactions as of January 2024. The magazines Communications of the ACM, ACM InRoads , interactions, and XRDS: Crossroads and SIG newsletters will continue in print.
There were several motivations for this change: ACM wants to be as environmentally friendly as possible; print journals lack the new features and functionality of the electronic versions in the ACM Digital Library; and print subscriptions, which have been declining for years, have now reached a level where the decision to sunset print made perfect sense. Ultimately, this will be to the benefit of the community, enabling ACM to focus efforts on enhancing the electronic versions of the publications where they can have the greatest impact.
Please contact [email protected] should you have any questions.
ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation (TOMACS) welcomes Wentong Cai as its new Editor-in-Chief. The appointment is from May 1, 2023, to April 30, 2026. Cai is a Professor in the School of Computer Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University Singapore.
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT) welcomes Prahladh Harsha as its new Editor-in-Chief. The appointment is from March 15, 2023, to April 30, 2024. Harsha is a faculty member of the at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare (HEALTH) welcomes Gang Zhou as its new Co-EIC, joining Insup Lee and John Anthony Stankovic. The appointment is from March 15, 2023 to April 30, 2024. Zhou is a Professor of Computer Science at the College of William and Mary.
PACM on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies (IMWUT) welcomes Co-Editors-in-Chief Lena Mamykina (Assistant Professor, Columbia University) and Thomas Ploetz (Assistant Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology). The appointment is from January 1, 2024, to December 31, 2026.
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES) is seeking a new Editor-in-Chief beginning in December 2023. This is a voluntary position. Nominations should include a vita along with a brief statement of why the nominee should be considered. Nominations are due October 31, 2023, although nominations will continue to be accepted until the position is filled. For more information, visit the call page.
ACM Transactions on Privacy and Security (TOPS) is seeking a new Editor-in-Chief. This is a voluntary position with a term beginning February 1, 2024. Nominations should include a vita along with a brief statement of why the nominee should be considered. Nominations are due November 27, 2023, although nominations will be accepted until the position is filled. For more information, visit the call page.
ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data (TKDD) is seeking a new Editor-in-Chief starting on January 1, 2024. Nominations should include a vita along with a brief statement of why the nominee should be considered. Nominations are due November 30, 2023, although nominations will continue to be accepted until the position is filled. For more information please visit the TKDD call page.
ACM Games: Research and Practice (GAMES) offers a lighthouse for games research—a central reference point that defines the state of the art on games and playable media across academic research and industry practice. Inclusive in community, discipline, method, and game form, it publishes major reviews, tutorials, and advances on games and playable media that are both practically useful and grounded in robust evidence and argument, alongside case studies, opinions, and dialogues on new developments that will change games. It embraces open science and scholarship and actively champions new and underrepresented voices in games and playable media.
Co-published by SAGE , Collective Intelligence (COLA) is a global, peer-reviewed, open-access journal that publishes trans-disciplinary work bearing on collective intelligence across the disciplines. The journal embraces a policy of creative rigor in the study of collective intelligence to facilitate the discovery of principles that apply across scales and new ways of harnessing the collective to improve social, ecological, and economic outcomes. In that spirit, the journal encourages a broad-minded approach to collective performance. It also welcomes perspectives that emphasize traditional views of intelligence as well as optimality, satisficing, robustness, adaptability, and wisdom.
ACM Transactions on Probabilistic Machine Learning (TOPML) focuses on probabilistic methods that learn from data to improve performance on decision-making or prediction tasks under uncertainty. Optimization, decision-theoretic or information-theoretic methods are within the remit if they are underpinned by a probabilistic structure. Probabilistic methods may be harnessed to address questions related to statistical inference, uncertainty quantification, predictive calibration, data generation and sampling, causal inference, stability, and scalability. Examples of approaches relevant to the scope include Bayesian modelling and inference, variational inference, Gaussian processes, Monte Carlo sampling, Stein-based methods, and ensemble modelling. Examples of models for which probabilistic approaches are sought include neural networks, kernel-based models, graph-based models, reinforcement learning models, recommender systems, and statistical and stochastic models. Ethical considerations of probabilistic machine learning, such as data privacy and algorithmic fairness, should be addressed in papers where there is a direct ethical connection or context for the work being described.
Proceedings of the ACM on Management of Data (PACMMOD) has published its inaugural issue. PACMMOD is concerned with the principles, algorithms, techniques, systems, and applications of database management systems, data management technology, and science and engineering of data. Papers are generally expected to focus on data-intensive components of data science pipelines; and solve problems in areas of interest to our community (e.g., data curation, optimization, performance, storage, systems), operating within accuracy, privacy, fairness, and diversity constraints. Submissions describing deployed systems and solutions to data science pipelines and/or fundamental experiences and insights from evaluating real-world data science problems are encouraged.
Proceedings of the ACM on Networking (PACMNET) is a journal for research relevant to multiple aspects of the area of computer networking. The journal seeks papers presenting significant and novel research results on emerging computer networks and its applications, especially submissions that present new technologies, novel experimentation, creative use of networking technologies, and new insights made possible using analysis. PACMNET is also looking for papers on network properties such as policy and economics, security and privacy, reliability and availability, performance, energy efficiency, etc.
Inspired by the broad agenda of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), ACM Journal on Computing and Sustainable Communities (JCSS) aims to publish significant and original research from a broad array of computer and information sciences, social sciences, environmental sciences, and engineering fields that support the growth of sustainable societies worldwide, especially including under-represented and marginalized communities. JCSS aims to explicitly promote interdisciplinary research work including new methodologies, systems, techniques, applications, behavioral, qualitative, and quantitative studies that address key societal challenges including sustainability, gender equality, health, education, poverty, accessibility, conservation, climate change, energy, infrastructure, and economic growth, among others. We also welcome research on the ethics of technology, especially from a critical perspective, that explores limitations and concerns with technology-led solutions for sustainable societies.
Geospatial Data Science: A Hands-on Approach for Building Geospatial Applications Using Linked Data Technologies, edited by Manolis Koubarakis, teaches the simple development of geospatial applications based on the principles and software tools of geospatial data science. The book is aimed at researchers and practitioners who would like to know more about this research area and can also be used as a textbook for a last year undergraduate or graduate course. Every chapter of the book contains exercises that can help the readers master the material covered by the chapter. It introduces a new generation of geospatial technologies that have emerged from the development of the Semantic Web and the Linked Data paradigm and shows how data scientists can use them to build environmental applications easily.
Logic, Automata, and Computational Complexity: The Works of Stephen A. Cook, edited by Bruce M. Kapron, includes a selection of seminal papers embodying the work that led to this award, exemplifying Cook’s synthesis of ideas and techniques from logic and the theory of computation including NP-completeness, proof complexity, bounded arithmetic, and parallel and space-bounded computation. These papers are accompanied by contributed articles by leading researchers in these areas, which convey to a general reader the importance of Cook’s ideas and their enduring impact on the research community. The book also contains biographical material, Cook’s Turing Award lecture, and an interview.
Linking the World’s Information: Essays on Tim Berners-Lee’s Invention of the World Wide Web, edited by Oshani Seneviratne and James Hendler, offers a compilation of articles on the original ideas of a true visionary—ACM A.M Turing Award recipient Sir Tim Berners-Lee—and his development of the key protocols, naming schemes, and markup languages that led to his “world wide web” program and ultimately to the Web as we know it today. It is intended for readers interested in the Web’s original technical development, how it has changed over time, and the social impacts of the Web as steered by Berners-Lee since the very beginning.
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